Python convert PDF to HTML


2 min read

This article is maintained by the team at commabot.

Converting a PDF file to HTML in Python can be accomplished using various libraries, with one of the most common methods being the use of pdf2image and PyMuPDF (also known as fitz). However, these libraries primarily focus on converting PDF pages into images or extracting text, which might not directly convert PDF layouts and styles into HTML. For a more direct PDF-to-HTML conversion, we can use the pdfminer.six library, which is designed to extract text and its properties from PDF files, allowing for a closer representation in HTML.


pip install pdfminer.six

The following Python script demonstrates how to convert a PDF file to HTML:

from pdfminer.high_level import extract_pages
from pdfminer.layout import LTTextContainer, LTChar
import html

def pdf_to_html(pdf_path):
    """Returns HTML content after processing the given PDF file."""
    html_content = '<html><head><meta charset="UTF-8"></head><body>'

    for page_layout in extract_pages(pdf_path):
        for element in page_layout:
            if isinstance(element, LTTextContainer):
                text = html.escape(element.get_text())
                html_content += f"<p>{text}</p>"

    html_content += '</body></html>'
    return html_content

pdf_path = 'path/to/your/document.pdf'
html_content = pdf_to_html(pdf_path)

# Save the HTML content to a file
with open('document.html', 'w', encoding='utf-8') as f:

This script reads a PDF file, extracts text from it, and wraps the text in basic HTML tags. It’s a simple conversion and might not fully represent the original PDF's layout, images, or styles. Advanced formatting, including the conversion of tables, images, and custom styles, requires a more sophisticated approach and possibly manual adjustments to the generated HTML.

For more complex documents, consider using dedicated tools or services that specialize in PDF to HTML conversion, as they might offer more precise control over the layout and styling to better match the original PDF content.